SIGames Publications

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Books

Gotzner, Nicole. 2017. Alternative sets in language processing: How alternatives are represented in the mind. Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52761-1

Articles

Mazzarella, Diana & Nicole Gotzner. 2021. The polarity asymmetry of negative strengthening: dissociating adjectival polarity from facethreatening potential. Glossa: A Journal of General Linguistics 6(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.5334/gjgl.1342
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2020. Embedded implicature: what can be left unsaid? Linguistics and Philosophy. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10988-020-09310-x
Gotzner, Nicole, Jacopo Romoli & Paolo Santorio. 2020. Choice and prohibition in non-monotonic contexts. Natural Language Semantics 28. 141–174. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11050-019-09160-9
Gotzner, Nicole. 2019. Disjunction, conjunction and exhaustivity. On remind-me presuppositions and embedded question acts. Snippets: Special Issue in Honor of Uli Sauerland (37). 35–36. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/snip-2019-037-gotz
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2019. Quantifier ‘irgendein’ and local implicature. Snippets: Special Issue in Honor of Uli Sauerland 37. 10–12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7358/snip-2019-037-bego
Gotzner, Nicole. 2019. The role of focus intonation in implicature computation: a comparison with only and also. Natural Language Semantics 27(3). 189–226. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11050-019-09154-7
Gotzner, Nicole & Katharina Spalek. 2019. The life and times of focus alternatives: Tracing the activation of alternatives to a focused constituent in language comprehension. Language and Linguistics Compass 13(2). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/lnc3.12310
Leffel, Timothy, Alexandre Cremers, Nicole Gotzner & Jacopo Romoli. 2019. Vagueness in Implicature: The Case of Modified Adjectives. Journal of Semantics 36(2). 317–348. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jos/ffy020
Gotzner, Nicole & Jacopo Romoli. 2018. The Scalar Inferences of Strong Scalar Terms under Negative Quantifiers and Constraints on the Theory of Alternatives. Journal of Semantics 35. 95–126. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jos/ffx016
Gotzner, Nicole & Anton Benz. 2018. The Best Response Paradigm: A New Approach to Test Implicatures of Complex Sentences. Frontiers in Communication 2. 21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fcomm.2017.00021
Benz, Anton, Nicole Gotzner & Lisa Raithel. 2018. Embedded implicature in a new interactive paradigm. ZAS Papers in Linguistics 60. 205–221. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21248/zaspil.60.2018.463
Benz, Anton, Carla Bombi, Nicole Gotzner & Uli Sauerland. 2018. Scalar diversity and negative strengthening. Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung 22 60. 191–203. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21248/zaspil.60.2018.462
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2018. Embedded Disjunctions and the Best Response Paradigm. In Rob Truswell, Chris Cummins, Caroline Heycock, Brian Rabern, & Hannah Rohde (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 21, Vol. 1, 163–178. University of Edinburgh. Retrieved from https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/sub/index.php/sub/article/view/130
Gotzner, Nicole, Stephanie Solt & Anton Benz. 2018. Adjectival scales and three types of implicature. In Sireemas Maspong, Brynhildur Stefánsdóttir, Katherine Blake, & Forrest Davis (eds.) 409–432. Presented at the Semantics and Linguistic Theory Conference (SALT) 28, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge: Linguistic Society of America. Retrieved from https://journals.linguisticsociety.org/proceedings/index.php/SALT/article/view/28.409/4054
Gotzner, Nicole, Stephanie Solt & Anton Benz. 2018. Scalar Diversity, Negative Strengthening, and Adjectival Semantics. Frontiers in Psychology 9. 1659–1659. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01659
Tomlinson Jr., John M., Nicole Gotzner & Lewis Bott. 2017. Intonation and Pragmatic Enrichment: How Intonation Constrains Ad Hoc Scalar Inferences. Language and Speech 60. 200–223. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177/0023830917716101
Gotzner, Nicole & Katharina Spalek. 2017. The connection between focus and implicatures: Investigating alternative activation under working memory load. In Filippo Domaneschi & Salvatore Pistoia-Reda (eds.), Linguistic and Psycholinguistic Approaches on Implicatures and Presuppositions, 175–198. Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-50696-8
Leffel, Timothy, Alexandre Cremers, Jacopo Romoli & Nicole Gotzner. 2016, August. Vagueness and the derivation of structural implicatures. Retrieved from https://ling.auf.net/lingbuzz/003091
Gotzner, Nicole & Katharina Spalek. 2016. The role of contrastive and non-contrastive associates in the interpretation of focus particles. Discourse Processes 54. 638–654. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0163853X.2016.1148981
Benz, Anton. 2016. On Bayesian pragmatics and categorical predictions. Zeitschrift Für Sprachwissenschaft 35(1). 45–55. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zfs-2016-0003
Gotzner, Nicole, Isabell Wartenburger & Katharina Spalek. 2016. The impact of focus particles on the recognition and rejection of contrastive alternatives. Language and Cognition 8(1). 59–95. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/langcog.2015.25
Gotzner, Nicole. 2015. What’s included in the set of alternatives? Psycholinguistic evidence for a permissive view. In Eva Csipak & Hedde Zeijlstra (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung 19, 252–267. University of Göttingen. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.18148/sub/2015.v19i0.232
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2014. Embedded implicatures revisited: Issues with the Truth-Value Judgment Paradigm. In Judith Degen, Michael Franke, & Noah D. Goodman (eds.), Proceedings of the Formal & Experimental Pragmatics Workshop at ESSLLI 2014, 1–6. Tübingen. Retrieved from https://sites.google.com/site/fepesslli2014/proceedings/proceedings.pdf
Gotzner, Nicole & Katharina Spalek. 2014. Exhaustive inferences and additive presuppositions: Interplay of focus operators and contrastive intonation. In Judith Degen, Michael Franke, & Noah D. Goodman (eds.), Proceedings of the Formal & Experimental Pragmatics Workshop at ESSLLI 2014, 7–13. Tübingen. Retrieved from https://sites.google.com/site/fepesslli2014/proceedings/proceedings.pdf

Talks

Gotzner, Nicole. 2020, September. Gradable adjectives and exhaustivity. Invited talk presented at the Workshop on QUDs and exhaustivity: experiments, computation, and theory, Graz/ZAS Berlin online.
Bleotu, Adina Camelia, Anton Benz & Nicole Gotzner. 2020, September. Shadow Playing with Romanian 5-Year-Olds. Epistemic Adverbs Are a Kind of Magic! Talk presented at the ELM – Experiments in Linguistic Meaning 2020 Conference, University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved from https://www.elm-conference.net/2020-conference/program/full-list-of-presentations/
Gotzner, Nicole. 2020, June. The use and interpretation of gradable adjectives. Invited talk presented at the SynSem Colloquium, Potsdam University, Germany.
Breheny, Richard, Chao Sun, Nicole Gotzner & Anton Benz. 2020, March. Diverse mechanisms explain scalar diversity. Talk presented at the AG 13: Diversity in pragmatic inferences: experimental data, computational models, and the semantics/pragmatics interface, 42nd Annual Conference of the German Linguistic Society (DGfS), Hamburg.
Gotzner, Nicole. 2019, September. Language in Interaction – How Children and Adults Communicate. Talk presented at the Future Days, Futurium Berlin.
Gotzner, Nicole. 2018, November. The semantic and pragmatic function of focal pitch accents in German and English. Invited talk presented at the Workshop onProcessing of Prosody across Languages and Varieties (ProsLang), University of Wellington, New Zealand.
Gotzner, Nicole, Jacopo Romoli & Paolo Santorio. 2018, November. Free choice and theories of implicature. Talk, University of Nantes.
Gotzner, Nicole, Jacopo Romoli & Paolo Santorio. 2018, November. Free choice and theories of implicature. Talk, ENS, Paris.
Gotzner, Nicole, Jacopo Romoli & Paolo Santorio. 2018, October. More free choice and more inclusion: An experimental investigation of free choice in non-monotonic environments. Talk, UCL London.
Gotzner, Nicole, Stephanie Solt & Anton Benz. 2018, October. Adjectival scales and three types of implicature. Talk presented at the Workshop on scalar diversity, scale structure and free enrichment, UCL London.
Gotzner, Nicole, Jacopo Romoli & Paolo Santorio. 2018, October. More free choice and more inclusion: An experimental investigation of free choice in non-monotonic environments. Talk, ZAS Berlin.
Hesse, Christoph. 2018, September. Giving the wrong impression: Strategic use of  comparatively modified numerals in  a question answering system. Talk presented at the Computational Models of Language Generation and Processing in Pragmatics, Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2018, September. Producing implicature of complex sentences: The case of embedded some. Talk presented at the Computational Models of Language Generation and Processing in Pragmatics, Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
Gotzner, Nicole. 2018, September. The role of prosody in pragmatic processing. Talk presented at the Computational Models of Language Generation and Processing in Pragmatics, Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2018, June. Implicature of complex sentences: a comprehensive study and model. Talk presented at the The pragmatics of quantifiers: implicature and presupposition – experiment and theory, ZAS Berlin.
Gotzner, Nicole. 2018, March. Scalar implicature and negative strengthening: What it takes to be happy. Talk presented at the Cognition and Language Workshop, Stanford University.
Benz, Anton. 2018, March. AG 16 Applications of probability theory in linguistics: Inferring implicature from production:  Interactive experiments and a model. Talk presented at the 40th Annual Conference of the German Linguistic Society (DGfS), Universität Stuttgart.
Gotzner, Nicole & Katharina Spalek. 2018, March. Speakers’ expectations about upcoming discourse  referents: Effects of pitch accents and focus particles. Talk presented at the 40th Annual Conference of the German Linguistic Society (DGfS), Universität Stuttgart. Retrieved from https://www.dgfs2018.uni-stuttgart.de/arbeitsgruppen/ag-2/AG02-Gotzner-Spalek.pdf
Hesse, Christoph. 2018, February. Scalar implicatures of modified numerals. Talk presented at the 19th Workshop on the Roots of Pragmasemantics, Szklarska Poręba, Poland.
Benz, Anton. 2018, February. Implicature from production: Interactive experiments and a model. Talk presented at the Workshop 2018 Uncertainty in Meaning and Representation in Linguistics and Philosophy, Jelenia Góra, Poland.
Gotzner, Nicole. 2017, October. Semantic and pragmatic effects of focus particles in language processing. Talk presented at the Multimodality and Experimental Methods, Universität Heidelberg.
Gotzner, Nicole. 2017, October. Alternativen im Diskurs. Invited talk, University of Bielefeld.
Benz, Anton, Carla Bombi & Nicole Gotzner. 2017, September. Scalar diversity and negative strengthening. Talk presented at the Sinn und Bedeutung (SuB) 22, ZAS Berlin & Potsdam University. Retrieved from https://sinnundbedeutung22.files.wordpress.com/2017/06/benz_bombiferrer_gotzner_abstract.pdf
Spalek, Katharina, Nicole Gotzner & Beate Bergmann. 2017, June. How focus particles affect what we will talk about next. Talk presented at the Discourse Expectations: Theoretical, Experimental, and Computational Perspectives (DETEC 2017), MPI for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen.
Benz, Anton, Nicole Gotzner & Lisa Raithel. 2017, March. The best response paradigm: Testing for the corner of efficiency. Talk presented at the Workshop on Computational Pragmatics, Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2017, March. The best response paradigm: Testing for the corner of efficiency. Talk presented at the 18th Szklarska Poreba Workshop, Szklarska Poręba, Poland. Retrieved from https://sites.google.com/site/szklarskaporeba18/programme
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2016, September. Embedded disjunctions and the best response paradigm. Talk presented at the Sinn und Bedeutung (SuB) 21, University of Edinburgh.
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2016, June. The Interactive Best Response Paradigm: Taking into account the production of sentences with scalar terms. Talk presented at the Annual Meeting of XPrag.de 2016, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen.
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2016, June. Embedded disjunctions and the Best Response Paradigm. Talk presented at the Workshop “Disjunction Days: Theoretical and experimental perspectives on the semantics and pragmatics of disjunction”, ZAS Berlin.
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2016, May. The best response: Speaker rationality in an interactive paradigm. Talk presented at the Workshop on “Rationality, Probability, and Pragmatics”, ZAS Berlin.
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2016, January. Multiple scalar terms: New insights from disjunction and production data. Talk presented at the FB4 Workshop, ZAS Berlin.
Leffel, Timothy, Alexandre Cremers, Jacopo Romoli & Nicole Gotzner. 2016, January. ‘Not very’ Adj: Vagueness and implicature calculation. Talk presented at the 90th  Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America (LSA 2016), Washington.
Gotzner, Nicole & Anton Benz. 2015, September. Testing implicatures of complex sentences. Talk presented at the Workshop on “Experimental Pragmatics” at the 48th Annual Meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea (SLE 2015), Leiden University Centre for Linguistics (LUCL).
Gotzner, Nicole & Jacopo Romoli. 2015, July. Testing theories of alternatives on sentences with multiple scalar items. Talk presented at the 6th Experimental Pragmatics Conference, XPRAG 2015, University of Chicago.
Gotzner, Nicole. 2015, July. The role of activated alternatives in inference computation and language acquisition. Invited talk, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Gotzner, Nicole & Anton Benz. 2015, June. The best response paradigm: A new paradigm to test implicatures of complex sentences. Talk presented at the Annual Meeting of XPrag.de 2015, Universität Göttingen, Germany.
Gotzner, Nicole & Anton Benz. 2015, June. The best response paradigm: A new paradigm to test implicatures of complex sentences. Talk presented at the Workshop “Formal and experimental pragmatics: methodological issues of a nascent liaison”, ZAS Berlin.
Gotzner, Nicole. 2015, March. Testing the relationship between intonational focus, the activation of alternatives and implicature computation. Talk presented at the II Workshop at the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface: Implicatures and Presuppositions, University of Siena.
Gotzner, Nicole. 2014, December. Exhaustivity and models of implicature computation. Invited talk, University of Utrecht.
Benz, Anton. 2014, October. Implicature in complex sentences from a game-theoretic perspective. Talk presented at the 27th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing Pragmatics Workshop: Relevance, Games, and Communication, Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio.
Gotzner, Nicole. 2014, September. What’s included in the set of alternatives? Psycholinguistic evidence for a permissive view. Talk presented at the Sinn und Bedeutung (SuB)19, Universität Göttingen, Germany.
Benz, Anton. 2014, August. The Game-Theoretic Approach to Pragmatics: Analysing Different Kinds of implicature. Talk presented at the Workshop on Different Views on Pragmatics, SDU Kolding, DK.
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2014, August. Embedded implicatures revisited: Issues with the Truth-Value Judgment Paradigm. Talk presented at the Formal and Experimental Pragmatics Workshop at ESSLLI 2014, Tübingen.
Gotzner, Nicole & Katharina Spalek. 2014, August. Exhaustive inferences and additive presuppositions: Interplay of focus operators and contrastive intonation. Talk presented at the Formal and Experimental Pragmatics Workshop at ESSLLI 2014, Tübingen.
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2014, May. Implicatures of Complex Sentences: Some Theory and Some Experiments. Talk presented at the Research Colloquium Philosophy and Cognitive Science, University of Bochum.

Posters

Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2020, February. Generating embedded implicatures: A theory and experimental evidence. Poster presented at the conference Linguistic Evidence 2020: Linguistic Theory Enriched by Experimental Data, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen.
Sun, Chao, Anton Benz, Nicole Gotzner & Richard Breheny. 2019, November. Approaching scalar diversity using multiple mechanisms. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of XPrag.de 2019, ZAS Berlin.
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2019, November. Embedded Implicatures in Comprehension and Production. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of XPrag.de 2019, ZAS Berlin.
Bleotu, Adina Camelia. 2019, June. On the acquisition of scalar epistemic adverbs in child Romanian from a colouring perspective. Poster presented at the 8th  Experimental Pragmatics Conference, XPRAG 2019, Edinburgh. Retrieved from https://www.xprag2019.ppls.ed.ac.uk/abstracts/bleotu.pdf
Sun, Chao, Anton Benz, Nicole Gotzner & Richard Breheny. 2019, June. Approaching scalar diversity through RSA with Lexical Uncertainty. Poster presented at the 8th Experimental Pragmatics Conference, XPRAG 2019, Edinburgh.
Gotzner, Nicole & Diana Mazzarella. 2019, June. Politeness and negative strengthening. Poster presented at the 8th Experimental Pragmatics Conference, XPRAG 2019, Edinburgh.
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2019, June. Embedded implicatures in comprehension and production. Poster presented at the 8th Experimental Pragmatics Conference, XPRAG 2019, Edinburgh.
Gotzner, Nicole, Kim A. Jördens & Katharina Spalek. 2019. The composition of focus alternative set: Can carpets be an alternative to figs?: Can carpets be an alternative to figs? Poster presented at the Sinn und Bedeutung (SuB) 24, Universität Osnabrück, Germany.
Hesse, Christoph & Anton Benz. 2018, September. Two mechanisms of scalar implicature in comparatively modified numerals. Poster presented at the 24th AMLaP conference, Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing (AMLaP 2018), Humboldt Universität, Berlin.
Gotzner, Nicole, Jacopo Romoli & Paolo Santorio. 2018, May. More free choice and more inclusion: An experimental investigation of free choice in non-monotonic environments. Poster presented at the Semantics and Linguistic Theory Conference (SALT) 28, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved from https://salt28mit.files.wordpress.com/2018/04/gotznerromolisantorio-free-choice.pdf
Gotzner, Nicole, Stephanie Solt & Anton Benz. 2018, May. Scalar implicature and negative strengthening in different types of gradable adjectives. Poster presented at the Semantics and Linguistic Theory Conference (SALT) 28, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved from https://salt28mit.files.wordpress.com/2018/04/gotzner_solt_benz.pdf
Gotzner, Nicole, Lisa Raithel & Anton Benz. 2018, March. Communicative efficiency and implicature in multi-party conversation. Poster presented at the 31st Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, University of California. Retrieved from https://ucdavis.app.box.com/s/jgxkg6rmrss5uaqhgdjml5pk6pwin6xf
Benz, Anton, Lisa Raithel & Nicole Gotzner. 2017, September. Embedded implicature: What can be left unsaid? Poster presented at the Sinn und Bedeutung (SuB) 22, ZAS Berlin & University of Potsdam. Retrieved from https://sinnundbedeutung22.files.wordpress.com/2017/06/benz_raithel_gotzner_abstract.pdf
Benz, Anton & Nicole Gotzner. 2017, June. Embedded implicature: What can be left unsaid? Poster presented at the 7th Experimental Pragmatics Conference, XPRAG 2017, Universität zu Köln. Retrieved from https://xprag2017.uni-koeln.de/sites/xprag2017/user_upload/BenzGotzner.pdf
Gotzner, Nicole & Jacopo Romoli. 2016, September. Testing theories of alternatives with multiple scalar term sentences. Poster presented at the Sinn und Bedeutung (SuB) 21, University of Edinburgh.
Benz, Anton & Maria Spychalska. 2016, June. Complexity and Embedded Implicature. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of XPrag.de 2016, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen.
Gotzner, Nicole, David Barner & Stephen Crain. 2015, September. 4-5 year olds exhaustify disjunctive statements. Poster presented at the 21st AMLaP conference, Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing (AMLaP 2015), University of Malta.
Gotzner, Nicole & Anton Benz. 2015, September. The best response paradigm. A new paradigm to test implicit meaning. Poster presented at the 21st AMLaP conference, Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing (AMLaP 2015), University of Malta.
Gotzner, Nicole, David Barner & Stephen Crain. 2015, July. What’s the alternative? How children compute implicatures with different scales. Poster presented at the 6th Experimental Pragmatics Conference, XPRAG 2015, Chicago.
Gotzner, Nicole, Judith Degen & Noah Goodman. 2015, June. Lost ALL of your marbles? The impact of the Question Under Discussion on embedded implicatures. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of XPrag.de 2015, Universität Göttingen, Germany.
Benz, Anton & Maria Spychalska. 2015, June. Complexity and Embedded Implicature. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of XPrag.de 2015, Universität Göttingen, Germany.
Gotzner, Nicole, John Michael Tomlinson & Katharina Spalek. 2015, March. The mechanisms underlying different types of (exhaustivity) inferences. Poster presented at the 28th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, University of Southern California.
Gotzner, Nicole, Katharina Spalek & Isabell Wartenburger. 2014, September. Alternative sets in language processing: The mechanisms of activation and competitive inhibition. Poster presented at the 20th AMLaP conference, Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing (AMLaP 2014), University of Edinburgh, Scotland.